The Impact Of Robots On Jobs: Here Are The Details
Do the innovations of modern technology now have such a force and dimension that in the future, we can foresee a decrease in job opportunities in the Western world and a drastic increase in free time? The innovation brought to the labor market by Industry 4.0, robotization and the emergence of fully automated delivery services is already widely documented. Evidence suggests that there will be significant changes on a socio-economic scale compared to the sporadic technical improvements we have seen so far.
Yet it raises many interesting questions: Are we socially and psychologically ready for increased leisure time as a workforce? Can we learn from our socio-economic history when the steam engine or electricity was introduced? How have we managed the transformation of our work when the computer has become a regular part of our working life?
Work At All Levels Will Evolve
Although the first to be affected by automation will be “blue-collar” jobs and repetitive tasks, recent developments in AI, such as machine learning, deep learning and natural language understanding, point to a future in which the effect will be felt to a similar extent among “white-collar workers” and even in specific creative jobs. Automation due to advanced robotics and AI will not only impact jobs requiring basic skills.
Economic gains can be made by reducing the time spent on routine tasks and services performed by more senior roles and functions. Will this mean a payoff for an employee who can invest more time in intellectually demanding tasks? Will it lead to people honing their skills faster? It is what we expect, but not only: greater efficiency at work, more excellent safety and acceleration of career advancement.
New Types Of Work Are Coming Quickly
The rise of automation heralds the arrival of a new landscape of jobs. As there is always a lag between taking up new jobs and losing existing ones, upskilling and further education will be critical to success in the future job market. While robots and AI will inevitably take on many more data-driven and pattern-recognition-based functions, there will be a shift in the interactions between humans and machines, leading to the highest efficiency level.
Automating repetitive and data-driven tasks will lead to creating new types of work, with a greater focus on how people and machines can work together as efficiently as possible. Second, fellow robots, or “cobots”, will integrate into our workforce. Our “old-fashioned” visions of the difference between machines and people will have to evolve and be replaced by a force based on cohabitation and cooperation.
The Feedback On Automation
We are already seeing a cultural backlash to automation, and it will increasingly be necessary for companies to justify their recruiting processes. Human occupation is another criterion of social responsibility.
Supermarket Without Staff
Selectively launched for certain media in June 2017, Moby Mart is an example of a fully automated supermarket. It is a mobile, unmanned “grocery” shop that sells daily consumption items for families, such as bread, milk and detergents.
CureSkin is an AI-powered mobile application that can diagnose skin problems and recommend treatments and products for you to use. This innovation shows us how AI pattern recognition can replace a dermatologist in diagnosis and how easily one can check and monitor one’s health without human intervention. Users upload a photo of their skin to the app, and it uses AI to analyze whether there are any problems. The app is also complemented by a chat that provides the AI with additional insights and enriches the machine’s value propositions.
Mechanically Driven Creativity
Some believe many hard-earned professional qualifications are on the verge of extinction. We will all face a future in which economic productivity will no longer be linked to effective employment. In other words, an economy will grow despite a continued payroll reduction. How is this possible? AI responds to a product or message with the optimal commercial messaging based on historical data. The system disrupts our understanding of automation as unique to blue-collar jobs and demonstrates that data-driven creativity is also possible. This will be especially effective in roles requiring a high pattern recognition level.
The Growing Popularity Of A Universal Basic Income
Political reactions to automation will, in turn, affect the future of work. While Universal Basic Income (UBI) becomes increasingly popular after the pilot in Finland – especially in Spain and Switzerland – the future workforce may no longer need to work the same number of hours or under the same current working conditions to improve their living situation.
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